An examination of situational sensitivity
in medium-scale interlanguage pragmatics research

Appendix 2: Action codes (Molloy & Shimura, 2003)

Code Descriptive Notes Example Response Status
1 -
Asking for a response from the hearer. Does not include rhetorical questions. "Is that O.K.?" (DCT10, no. 302) optional
2 -
Referring to what will happen if the hearer does or does not redress an adverse situation. "If you can't go I will go without waiting for you" (DCT10, no. 296) optional
3 -
Anticipatory Fortification
Anticipating and responding to a listener's reactions. Includes self-defense. "I know a MD player is expensive, but I've wanted it since last year." (DCT2, no. 298) optional
4 -
Drawing hearer's attention either to a problem, then holding the hearer responsible for its redress. "I don't want to listen your voice." (DCT3, no. 105) required
5 -
Suggesting a specific listener action that can satisfy the speaker. Includes refraining from further offence. "Please take away your cat!" (DCT8, no. 216) optional
6 -
Referring to a moral grounding or warrant to show that the speaker is in the right or the listener is in the wrong. Refers to how things should be and includes references to social conventions. "You are supposed to be here in case problems occurred." (DCT7, no. 289) optional
7 -
Referring to the severity of the offence, as distinguished from a simple notice of an offence. "I fell very cold." (DCT1, no. 133) optional
8 -
Allowing the hearer to continue or repeat an offensive action under certain conditions. "Now if you are late please call me, then." (DCT11, no. 129) optional (Added after initial coding)

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